Antimatter Rockets: The Future of Interstellar Travel

Antimatter Rockets: The Future of Interstellar Travel

The Avalon, which is the spacecraft from the
movie ‘Passengers’, uses a theoretical type of interstellar propulsion called the
Bussard ramjet. It produces electromagnetic fields to collect
hydrogen while travelling through space and then fuse the protons to create thrust. The problem is that, with this method, the
spacecraft could only achieve around 10% the speed of light. It would take us 42 years to reach the closest
potentially habitable exoplanet, Proxima Centauri b. An amount of time not plausible for a manned
interstellar travel. On the contrary, antimatter rockets would
be much faster. This type of rockets uses antimatter as the
source of energy. Antimatter particles are identical to their
counterparts, but the charge and spin are reverse. When particles of matter and antimatter attract
each other and collide, a large amount of energy is released. Recent studies suggest that an antimatter
spacecraft could achieve up to 70% the speed of light, reaching Proxima b in just about
6 years. According to the former Fermilab physicist
Gerald Jackson, antimatter rockets could become a reality by 2050. So, what are the main problems of antimatter
propulsion? One the one hand, producing antimatter is
expensive. The price of 1 gram of antimatter is around
63 trillion dollars. On the other, storing antimatter is difficult. The maximum time that antimatter has been
stored is 405 days. Thankfully, all these problems could be solved. One of the most promising projects is called
the Vacuum to Antimatter Rocket, designed by Icarus Interstellar. This rocket would receive energy from the
destruction of protons of hydrogen, which are the matter, and anti-protons, which are
the antimatter. Firstly, the spacecraft would have to approach
the Sun to charge a set of solar panels. Secondly, these panels would power a series
of lasers. And finally, these lasers would produce electric
fields to create anti-protons and protons. In other words, the spacecraft would produce
antimatter directly from the vacuum of space, without the need of refueling. If you liked this video, please consider subscribing
my channel. And if you want to help scientists make interstellar
travel a reality, I recommend you watching this video.

42 thoughts on “Antimatter Rockets: The Future of Interstellar Travel

  1. When affordable interstellar travel become a reality, what will be the first potentially habitable exoplanet you would like to visit? Why?

  2. Antimatter is the rich manโ€™s rocket fuel. Itโ€™ll be a while before we can make antimatter in enough quantities to be used for propulsion, but when we do, the cosmos will be ours.

  3. So many "it coulds" between now and then. And binary star systems are very unlikely to contain habitable planets for reasons that are too numerous and complex to elucidate in a YT comment. Short of stripping the mass of Saturn or Jupiter for fuel, and thus eliminating our solar system's vacuum cleaners for meteors and exposing Earth to a greater frequency of strikes, the Boussard ramjet and Dyson's Orion remain the best options for interstellar travel.

  4. Given a choice of places to visit, I would choose a habitable exomoon. Being able to look up in the sky and see not only that solar systemโ€™s star, but also the parent planet of the moon would be exhilarating experience.

  5. Ben Rich The Director and founder of Lockheed Martin Skunk Works was quoted saying we have the technology to take ET Home!!!!

  6. The spacecraft needs to be close to the Sun in order to work. 2:54 How will that be useful for interstellar travel?

  7. Isn't it easier to just collect antimatter from planetary magnetospheres?

    Oh, looks like they don't accumulate enough for a serious drive unless you are going for antimatter catalyzed fusion drives.

  8. The stars in the sky aren't where they appear to be. They've moved since the light we see from them was emitted so long ago. So, if we could visit another star in a couple years' travel time, that star would seem to change position the closer we got. So you'd have to know in advance where that star actually is before you departed, not where it appears to be from earth's perspective.

  9. I love your channel- can I ask if you're monetized? How does using the movie footage like Avatar/Passenger affect your monetization?

  10. 0:49 why are the spaceships from sci-fi movies always so dark, ugly and baroque. Its something that i still dont understand

  11. What a beautiful explanation it was……. You're so good!!!! Keep doing this amazing work and really my mind was blown (puffff- badoom badoom)…. (And why is this channel so underrated??? I am going to attribute you in my Instagram ) all the best

  12. What's the propellant in this design? Antimatter and matter annihilation leaves no particles. Pure energy alone doesn't move you.

  13. We first need to solve the biggest problem of all.. AGING!!
    Even if we can travel at the speed of light, what would be the point if we would be dead by the time we get anywhere?

  14. Why not combine multiple rockets to make it 30% light of speed hope u got good plasma shields cause u going any faster is increasingly sucidial even with best shielding probably uneed a hyperspace jump drive go any faster? Either that or frequency map of universe so u can tp anywhere… Etc

  15. Why do all the earth ssp program insiders say we can go way beyond light speed if its almost impossible.the former ceo of skunk works didnt say we have the tech to take et home 4 no reason

  16. Forget the existence of an anti-matter engine for a minute. What will happen to the rest of the aircraft, the hull presumably made of metal, at 60% the speed of light for long periods. Wouldn't it heat up and possibly melt? And what then happens to the humans inside?

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