Is Time Travel Really Possible?

Is Time Travel Really Possible?

Imagine you own a watch that let’s you travel through time. One day, you get the bright idea to travel back to the 1920’s to mess with your grandparents. You press a few buttons, and suddenly you’re standing beside old Pappy who is taking in the scenery at the precipice of the Grand Canyon. Since you’ve never been the biggest fan of your grandfather, you decide to push him over the edge. Gravity does its thing, and a few seconds later, no more Pappy. But wait, if you killed your grandfather before he ever met your grandmother… you wouldn’t have been born to be able to go back in time and kill him! Here’s the problem. If you didn’t exist and killed your grandfather, you couldn’t have killed him… Because you didn’t kill him, he’s still alive. but that would mean that you yourself would be alive and now you can go back in time to kill him. And so the endless loop goes on. This is called the Grandfather Paradox. And it’s part of what makes time travel so interesting. The grandfather paradox deals with time travel on a significant scale. But why don’t we start with something a little smaller? Let’s say you and I are wearing identical watches and we synchronize them right before I blast off into space. In the space shuttle, I’m traveling at roughly 28,000 kilometers per hour relative to the Earth. If I make a few orbits around the Earth before I return, when we compare watches, we’ll see that less time has passed for me. A very, very tiny amount of time, but is there nonetheless. This is called time dilation, and it simply means that according to Einstein’s theory of Relativity, Time measured along different trajectories is affected by differences in either gravity or velocity – each of which affects time in different ways. One example of time dilation is when we compare the passage of time on the ISS versus on Earth. After spending six months on the Space Station, astronauts have aged approximately .005 seconds less than those of us here on Earth. Of course, this is a very insignificant amount of time, but it would be much more apparent if the astronauts were able to travel to closer to the speed of light. Interestingly, the effects of time dilation are fairly minor, even up to around 70% of the speed of light. However, once we reach 75% or so, the effects become dramatic. Now, bear with me here, because this is where things get a bit weird. Possibly the strangest aspect of special relativity is the distances shrink in the direction of motion. When we think of traveling to a point 10 light years away at 90% of light speed, you’d expect it to take 11 years, right? That’s not exactly the case. To a stationary observer, it would indeed
seem to take your vessel 11 years. But to the people inside the vessel,
not only time, but distance would dilate and you would reach that point in only 4.4 years. Want to play with time dilation yourself? I’ve added a link down below to a time dilation calculator. Okay, that’s all really fascinating, but is it really time travel? Perhaps not in the sense that we usually think of it, but according to the nature of
space-time, it is. If you were to return home from your 90% light speed trip, you would be almost 9 years older. But everyone back on Earth would have aged 22 years. So in essence, you’ve traveled 13 years into the future relative to your time in space. let’s look at another example. In the film Interstellar, Cooper and his team land on a large watery planet, on which gravity is 30% stronger than on Earth.
This planet is situated very close to a supermassive black hole called Gargantua, which it orbits at 55% of light. Gargantua’s mass is equal to that of 100,000,000 suns and spins at 99.8% the speed of light. The combination of all these factors have the effect of slowing down time relative to the astronaut left aboard the ship, by a staggering 61,000 times. That means that 1 hour on the planet is equal to seven years aboard the ship. When the team makes it back to the vessel after a little over three of their hours, their friend had aged by 23 years. The craziest part is that this isn’t just science fiction. Those calculations all check out. That’s exactly how it would happen in real life. So in essence, the crew had traveled 23 years into the future. Now so far, we’ve only explored traveling into the future. Is it possible to travel backwards in time? According to some theories, specific types of motion in space might allow time travel into the past and future, if these geometries and motions were possible. However, that’s a big if. It would require something called a closed timelike curve, or CTC for short. A CTC is a closed loop in space-time which could theoretically allow an object to return to its own past. The science behind time travel to the past,
is incredibly complex and speculative and many scientists suspect that it is not possible at all,
because of the issue of causality. That bring us back to the Grandfather Paradox, if in fact these scientists are correct and assuming traveling to the past would cause a paradox then we have our answer, time travel to the past is impossible. If however, the Novikov Self-Consistency Principle is correct, then there is still a chance. The Novikov Principle states that if an event exists that would cause a paradox or any change to the past whatsoever, then the probability of that event is zero. It would thus be impossible to create time paradoxes. Unfortunately, for any would-be time travelers, the Novikov Principle is not widely accepted. Another possibility would be the existence of wormholes, which are technically permitted by general relativity.
– In order to travel through time using a wormhole, it would have to be what is known as a
Transversable Wormhole. Brace yourself for more strange
space-time shenanigans here. In order to be able to travel through time using a Transversable Wormhole, its creation would have to be in one of two ways. Option one, one end of the wormhole would have to be accelerated to a significant portion of the speed of light, then brought back to the origin point. time dilation would result in an accelerated wormhole entrance aging less than the stationary one as seen by an external observer Option 2 requires one end of the wormhole to be placed within the gravitational field of an object with higher gravity than the other entrrance and then returned to a position near the other entrance This is a difficult concept to grasp So think of it this way, imagine you and I synchronize our watches to both display the year 2000 I hop in my ship and accelerate one entrance to the wormhole to near light speed and then bring it back My watch now reads 2004 And yours reads 2012 If someone were then to enter the accelerated entrance they would now exit the stationary entrance in the year 2004 the same location, but 8 years in their past It’s incredibly complicated stuff But an easier way to look at it is by picturing by a piece of paper This paper represent space time, a wormhole is an area of warped spacetime with an entrance and an exit which you can imagine as the paper being folded back on itself with a hole poked through it essentially you’re simply skipping all the time and distance between the two points The problem with transversable wormholes is that you can’t possibly travel back further than the initial creation of the wormhole So…really it’s more a path through time rather than a device propels itself back and forth through the years at will It could be useful for the people in the distant future wanting to come observe our time but if we created such a portal today we couldn’t use it to go visit the dinosaurs One final method that could potentially allow an individual to more or less travel through time is cryopreservation The branch of science concerned specifically with preserving human is called cryonics and the practice has been around since the late 1960s. Cryonics is on the speculative edge of medicine as its proponents suggest that Death is not a singular event, but a process it would have to be for the practice to be successful because it’s currently illegal for a human to be frozen before they die One a person opted to be cryo-preserved their bodies prepared minutes after official death the theory is that by reducing the patient’s body temperature to around -130 degrees celcius enough brain information will be retained in an accessible state for doctors and scientists of the far future to revive the patient temperatures of that low inevitably cause significant damage to the human body regardless of prior-preservation safeguards so the doctors of today are relying on the development of future technology that will allow the brain to be repaired at the molecular level and restored to functioning condition if someday technology has advanced far enough to revive cryo-preserved humans they will have essentially time traveled to the future it’s not quite as easy as shows like futurama make it seem but it is theoretically possible and that’s time travel in a nutshell you really can move forward through time by traveling at an immense speeds or through cryo-preservation But travel to the past is likely impossible of course the science of quantum physics and time travel is incredibly vast and well beyond the grasp of most normal people so we may be missing just one crucial element to understanding exactly how spacetime works but who knows? maybe someone from the far future will show up in our time and give us the key to unlocking the mystery or…would that cause a paradox as always, I’ve included sources and links for further reading in the description if you enjoy this video please take a moment to subscribe my channel your support helps me keep releasing two videos every week feel free to leave a like or dislike as you please and share your thoughts on time travel in the comments thanks for watching! And I’ll see you in the next video

100 thoughts on “Is Time Travel Really Possible?

  1. If you kill you grandfather you would be erased for existence… so yes you would still be around to kill him… but that would be impossible since it would have already happened in time since that time is one continuous loop.

  2. if this true this is bad
    bunch of alternate version of the lifetime created cause of it
    then idk if my lifetime is real one or the alternate one
    If alternate one then if we die we gone or transfer to another alternate life

  3. I have time traveled. I sleep for just 5 minutes in the morning but I would have traveled 1 hour to the future and I miss the bus.

  4. If it's only 4 and a half years that you have aged but it is 11 years that people have aged on Earth wouldn't that mean that you could go far enough out into space and then come back in the year of 2100 and only have lived yourself for 20 years?

  5. Technically if it was possible to travel back in time then someone would be here telling us how to do it

    What if I went back and affected someone with no effect on me like I killed Bobby Randal(s) (a pet store worker that did nothing wit his life other than disappoint his mother and brother and cost someone thousands of dollars in medical bills because he sold them a snake that said do not sell) would that cause a paradox… but maybe because the snake victim was my aunts cousin that had sexual relations with my mom and I was born… nah I’m just thinking to much. (haha I’m Jacob Randal u low life peace of cr-)

  6. Traveling through time means going, for example, in the past, that is closer to the time of the bigbang. For me, therefore, it is impossible to travel through time because it would mean admitting that our universe is not a surface but a volume. If it were a volume, gravity should have slowed down the expansion of the universe for a long time. Instead the universe is accelerating. So time travel is not possible.

  7. The United States Military invented a Time Machine in the late 1940s or early 1950s. The Philadelphia Experiment in 1943 led to the invention of a Time Machine. The 1947 Roswell, New Mexico incident might have been a Time Travel experiment gone wrong.

  8. fact: you can SEE the past bij traveling 10 times the speed of light. youll need a scope the size of earth to look back just a few seconds. If you would have a huge scope and watch from the closest star to earth, you can see the romans fighting!

  9. Yes u can go back to the pass but u can't talk to yourself it will messed up the future and yes u can go in to the future but I can't tell u how to do it

  10. It is but nobody has built one because:

    1. you will screw the future and you will probably cease yourself to exist

    2. if you kill your ancestors before your parents were born then your gone

    3. can you be my friend

  11. Talking about the interstellar planet. What if the guy in the space station was on the phone/connected with raido with the guys going to the planet. What would that be like? I'm still trying to wrap my head around it.

  12. So basically in the future we travel to further future and travel back in time to observe our old selves in craft that have been associated with aliens ?

  13. No, wait, Doc. Doc. The-the-the bruise on your head, I know how that happened. You told me the whole story. You were standing on your toilet and you were hanging a clock, and you fell and you hit your head on the sink. And that's when you came up with the idea for the flux capacitor which is what makes time travel possible.

  14. What if you can just go super far to see the old light of something. Like how we see the sun how it should be 8 minutes ago. So if we were to go far from earth where the current earth light hasn’t have reached yet so we still see the older light of a previous year. So we can maybe at least see what happened but not touch? idk… this vid makes me feel smart, y’all need to tell me how this can’t work. Also what happens in the grandfather paradox if you were to kill him after he has your mother/father, so your parents aren’t alive which leads to you living but your grandfather is dead cuz you killed him after he had you mother/father?

  15. Try the astral time travel machine hdt(hyper dimensional resonator) by Steven Gibbs. It dies work. Even with mere telepathy

  16. Time is an illusion. Made by man. To mark his travels and schedule for waking hours. Calendars were made by even the ancient Greeks. Another false scientific product. We do not really know how time works. Greeks measured data with a sun dial. People travel through astral projection. People using machines spinning what we call “forward time” in reverse near a wormhole or fusion source ripping a tunnel back or forward in time

  17. If every time we travel back in time we forget that we did, then that would mean that we might have done it hundreds of times

  18. My theory is that you cant travel to the past because it wasn't even a thing back then. But when travelling to the future will be possible it will also become "past" for the future us on the day after, so after we invent travelling to the future we will can travel back to the day of inventing the time machine. Its like you cant call a phone that was made in 1546 because cellphones weren't invented yet, but you can call a nokia 3310 with your iphone 11. So you can't make contact with another reality where time travelling wasn't even real, but if we invent the time machine in 2050, then people in 2100 will also have time machines so they can came back to 2050, so in 2100 we will also be able to travel back.

  19. The worm hole analogy seems to be the wrong way around. Perhaps the narrator got it muddled? But would the accelerated entrance not have slowed time (2004), thus if you entered it, you would exit at a time in the future (2012). You've gone forward in time, not back. To go back, you need to enter the end of the worm hole which was not accelerated, and therefore move to a place where time dilated… into your past. Get me?

  20. i think a better question is what is time travel? because without a very thorough definition its hard to answer if it is possible

  21. There is another perspective. Dreamers often experience precognitive dreams meaning a deep part of ourselves is beyond time and space as we know it.

  22. I know you said you cant kill your grandfather because that's a paradox, but then what about multiple universes?

  23. Ok but what if you are on that same ship where 1 hour on that planet is equal to 7 years on the ship, and you were on a constant like radio call or facetime or something like that with your crew members who were on that planet, how would that work? i know thats probably beyond our current methods of communication but still how would it be possible?

  24. if id kill my grandpa id fell sorry and people would see me then theyd find out how to to time travel sooner; win-win, and id have to put more than 7.8 BILLION wins to do all humanity

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