Space Tourism

Space Tourism

This episode is sponsored by Audible Space is awesome, and newer and better telescopes show us more of its wonders every day. How much cooler would it be to see them with
your own eyes? This year will mark the 50th Anniversary of
the first time a human ever set foot on any celestial body besides the Earth. It wasn’t that much earlier that we even
reached orbit, just a few hundred kilometers above our planet, a thousandth the distance
to the Moon, and a millionth the distance to other planets. We’ve spent a lot of time talking about
getting off Earth and colonizing new worlds, and I thought it was time to talk about some
of the other reasons to get out there. One of which is to see the place, take some
photos, and go home so you can rave about it to your friends, family, and any captive
audience. The solar system has a lot of wonders to attract
tourism, and we’ll look at some of those, but our focus will also be on how the science,
technology, and economics of space travel are likely to alter space tourism from conventional
modern tourism, where travel is quite quick, and how that would shift with costs dropping. The first place we’re likely to see mass
tourism because we’re already seeing the start of it, is right in low orbit. This is what most folks mean by space tourism,
going up to a station and floating around in zero-gravity. Neat place to be for the view too, as you
can see the Earth quite clearly in a way ‘eagle-eye view’ doesn’t begin to express, since
the eagles are flying way, way below us. I suspect most space stations in orbit will
feature a down facing port window, where you could literally hover over the world, weightless,
and watch it spin below you. The Sun also rises and sets every couple hours
up there, so I’d imagine one of the first tourist restaurants on a space station will
take advantage of that, possibly a sunrise cafe. We should expect most space stations, particularly
in the early period, to be simple rotating habitats with a zero-g hub, like the design
from the Gateway Foundation we looked at in Space Ports. Tourists, particularly in the early period,
will probably be most eager to play in zero-g. Problem is, it’s actually rather tricky
to prepare food, eat food, or get rid of already-digested food in zero-g—tricky to do those things
neatly anyway—so I suspect the novelty of zero-g would wear off quickly, and the off-axis
sections will be the desirable spots when playtime is over. These needn’t have normal earth gravity,
just enough to make sure things fall down, especially for eating and sleeping. While being in zero-gravity is likely to be
something folks only want to experience for a few hours at a time, zero-g sports and activities
are likely to be a huge new thing for us that will stay huge for the rest of human history. Going on a trip to play or watch a team in
person is one motive for space travel, but also a good reminder that a lot of tourism
is about seeing things humanity has built, not naturally occurring wonders. Activities you can only do in space will be
a good way to fill some of the long travel time to see those wonders. And as modern cruise ships prove, often the
journey is as important than the destination. And yes for the folks who keep asking, we
will do an episode on Space Sports sometime this year. Yet those natural wonders will drive early
tourism away from Earth, and there are a lot of natural wonders out there. We mentioned how on a space station the sun
rose and set every couple hours, not once a day, but in a way that’s not a very good
sunrise to watch. Very quick, but up on the Moon, the days last
a month, so that’s not a few minutes of wonder but many hours. Unfortunately there’s no air there, so it’s
not really very pretty, just a giant burning orb you dare not look upon. Similarly, while looking at the Earth would
be neat, the Earth doesn’t rise or set on the Moon, as the moon is tidally locked to
Earth, so it just sits there in the same place in the sky turning slowly and having the day-night
terminator creep across it. Where is the sunrise most awesome in our solar
system? The Sun is just a blinding white death ball
on the airless Moon, and it’s even worse on Mercury. Mars? Well yes, there’s enough air there for a
real sunset, and the day’s about the same length as here, and it will be different shades
too, butterscotch skies in the day, blue near the sun for sunsets, rather the opposite of
Earth. So it’s worth making a stop for, maybe. How about the Moons of the Gas Giants? Titan’s the only one with a real atmosphere,
indeed a very thick one, and the Sun is still bright enough to give rather excellent and
very long ones, as it’s day is a couple weeks long. Plus you get to see the rings of Saturn. The Gas Giants all have rings, though none
compare to Saturn’s, and they all have moons that would be wonders to behold, though in
truth the view of those planets and their rings from their moons is likely to be an
even better sight, and from those moons you will often be able to see the sun rise or
set on the planet they orbit. But the true queen for sunsets is likely to
be Venus, whose thick atmosphere and clouds, and freakishly long day, would make the event
a true sight to behold and last a very long while. Not from the ground mind you, but from floating
cities far above the molten wasteland of the surface, which would be quite the tourist
attraction themselves. You might also go hang-gliding, though you’d
need to wear a breathing mask and acid-resistant suit, as it does rain acid there, and while
those clouds would make for spectacular sunsets, they themselves aren’t made of water. Speaking of hang-gliding, lots of folks like
to visits the Grand Canyon or other gorges and some of those do hang-gliding, but even
though most of our canyons on Earth are cut by rivers, and lakes, rivers, and oceans aren’t
too common off Earth, there are some amazing canyons out there. Valles Marineris on Mars is 4000 kilometers
long, and up to 200 wide and 7 deep. Indeed, while Mars atmosphere is thin, flight
is possible there, and any early terraforming efforts would see the atmosphere become thickest
in those canyons. Pluto’s Moon Charon has many chasms itself,
the biggest of which is Argo Chasma, not too mention vast ice fields, geysers, and cryovolcanoes. Mars possesses a few more impressive valleys
too, though it should be noted there are some others throughout the solar system, often
on various moons, including our own. Ithaca Chasma on Saturn’s Moon Tethys, which
at 2000 kilometers long and 100 kilometers wide, runs nearly the circumference of the
whole moon, cutting a shallow slash across Tethys. Just across the way on Pluto is Sleipnir Fossa,
one of the massive spider cracks of the Tartarus Dorsa. So someone wanting to tour the grand canyons
of the solar system will have no shortage, though Earth itself has many of the best. But if one is hang gliding on Mars in the
Mariner Valley, they might instead start on the Mountains of Tharsis, not all that far
away. For a mountain climber, Mars is the ultimate
challenge though, besides having several of the tallest mountains, including Olympus Mons
itself, it’s lower gravity helps with climbing but you have to bring your air with you, or
some suit able to create it, which will negate that low gravity, as that would get heavy. Not the most challenging climb, as it has
a very mild slope on top of the low gravity, but it makes up for it in sheer height. For the casual climber, low gravity and a
lack of erosion means there are many mountains of breathtaking height you might scale scattered
around the other planets, moons, and asteroids. The tallest on the Moon, Mons Huygens and
Mons Hadley, rival Mount Everest, though height is tricky to define when there’s no sea
level, and you’d likely drive a rover up them rather than climb. Indeed you can see a great shot of Mons Hadley
in the background of the Apollo 15 mission. I imagine many will too, historical landmarks
will be popular for tourism, and in the solar system, the Apollo landing sites are guaranteed
to be the most ancient of these, unless we find some abandoned alien base on the dark
side of the moon, of course. That does raise the question of preservation,
some tourist stepping on Neil Armstrong’s one small step and erasing his footprint would
likely cause a hue and cry so loud you could hear it even in the vacuum of space. How do you go about making sure people can
get up close and feel part of our priceless history without damaging that history? Ownership of those sites matters a lot too,
while for the Apollo missions in the short term at least, those would presumably be something
few would dispute belonged to the US to at least administer, property in space is at
best a poorly defined concept thus far and likely to be a huge political and legal feud
in centuries to come, especially where there’s revenue to be had. Olympus Mons on Mars is bound to be something
a lot of folks would like to own or have the contract to maintain. Preservation in the face of tourist damage,
property disputes, and funding issues is nothing new to us of course, but space is likely to
put a whole new spin on it. Plus you might lose many of these if you decide
to terraform those worlds. And how do you compete with alternatives? Used to be if you wanted to see something
you had to go there, nowadays you have the option for photos and when those were new,
folks did object to making those publicly available of sites and art lest it damage
visitors. Indeed a lot of old radio and TV was made
when there were objections to recording it, as the actors were used to doing a show many
times and getting paid each time. Same though, being able to see photos of things
often whets the appetite to be there in person, which arguably drives more tourism than it
prevents. But this was all before virtual reality, and
if that’s good enough, some might see no reason to go to the Moon even if it was a
one-day trip that cost the equivalent a couple days’ wages. With good enough VR you can not only visit
the place but touch it without a spacesuit, or even relive the memory and emotions of
the first person who went there. Indeed with advanced enough tech, a lot of
tourism might become that form, or more dramatized equivalents like we see in the film Total
Recall. Visiting the Moon is awesome, visiting it
as the first explorer or while genuinely believing you were that explorer or on a vital mission
to save humanity is probably even cooler. Against that we have the reality of space
travel. Nowadays only the very richest could afford
even a trip to orbit, but even if that falls to the bargain prices we contemplate in the
Upward Bound series, it’s likely to still be fairly pricey and more important, very
time consuming. Virtual reality or making the trip remotely
via download into some android might be an option, though the tech implied for the latter
would probably mean the virtual reality was beyond merely good. Lots of travel time. Even with an inexhaustible fuel supply, if
you’re limited to one-gee of acceleration, experiencing the equivalent of normal Earth
gravity on the voyage, the Moon can be reached in a few hours, but even Mars at its closest,
just under 60 million kilometers, would take a day of full thrust to reach the turnover
point and the same to slow down. Fortunately under constant acceleration travel
times rise with the square root of distance, so quadruple the distance, double the travel
time, meaning even distant places like Pluto might be reached in a few weeks. Of course, even in an energy-rich economy,
that sort of casual expenditure of fuel is unlikely to be approved of, and such an economy
is still a long way off, so more likely these would be slower moving ships and modeled more
on cruise ships than airplanes. This also means a big focus of the tourism
would be on those ships, especially in the early days when those ports of call might
not have many luxuries, so you’re relaxing on the ship while you venture to see solar
system. I doubt we’d ever see any real tourism until
ships could achieve enough speed to be making the journeys without plotting minimum-energy
Hohmann Transfer orbits, which would make any trip take years, but interplanetary voyages
of weeks or months certainly would still attract a lot of people, especially if the ship was
accommodating. Alternatively, we need to remember this solar
system is not just its handful of planets. Or even their moons, though a place like Jupiter
or Saturn with so many moons would be an ideal archipelago for a space cruise ship to amble
around rather cheaply and with modest travel times. In the Asteroid Belt, for all that it’s
nothing like as dense as we see in science fiction, things are pretty close and need
virtually no thrust to travel between, and we have discussed previously how the Asteroid
Belt is likely to be the first place we settle after the Moon, possibly even before Mars
or Venus. Many of those features – awesome canyons
and mountains and craters – are abundant in the Belt, and one could easily imagine
cruise ships that slowly circled throughout major ports of call in the Belt, on decade
long journeys that people simply joined for a few ports here or there. There are endless canyons, caverns, lavatubes,
and craters you can go spelunking around in the solar system, many of vast size, as gravity
and erosion don’t collapse them often, and it’s safer to crawl around inside them for
the same reason. Man of these might be pressurized by us too,
so that you could float through them, or walk and climb in low gravity. Interesting alternative though, since much
of that settlement might be small mining colonies, and in Colonizing Ceres and Pluto we talked
about how bigger settlements might send circuit caravans for trade around the Asteroid Belt
or Kuiper Belt. They might do that for tourism too. A lot of tourism trailblazers here on Earth
were about legitimate business in some remote area and merely told others about things they
saw, inspiring others to follow suit. We picture miners coming to visit those bigger
colonies to trade their goods and get some R&R, but it might go the other way. Maybe big cruise ships would be visiting ports
of call not just to pick up and drop off passengers but be more like a traveling fair or carnival;
which paints an interesting image of future Asteroid Belt spaceships as an interesting
mix of freighter, retail store, sports arena, hotel, casino, and resort. At least in those early days, for those early
colonies. As things develop you’d see more specialization
and more travel, going to Europa to SCUBA dive in the subsurface oceans, but as things
grow the ratio of natural wonders to manmade stuff for tourism will alter too. You’re going to start collecting new wonders,
multi-kilometer wide domes over craters, terraformed Lunar Lava Tubes, canyon cities in Mariner
Valley on Mars, Cloud Cities on Venus, and probably all sorts of megastructures. Those could be something fairly mundane like
enormous O’Neill Cylinders, of which we’d expect to ultimately build billions of in
our solar system, and each probably aiming to be a bit unique. Or the rather flashy and bizarre, like some
asteroid carved into a giant head like Mount Rushmore or Easter Island. Further ahead in time you might see true artificial
worlds, some a mundane spherical shellworld and others the more peculiar, like a Flat
Earth Discworld, where the whole thing was many snaky beach islands. Or a Hoopworld, where the sheer rate of spin
means gravity varied over the surface, from either of its two equators – highest on
the outer and lowest on the inner, to what we call the poles, even though they are actually
circles not points. The weather on a Flat Earth is quite ideal
amusingly, but a Hoopworld has decidedly crazy weather, and either might easily do well for
tourist traps. Or we might see the belt shift from big rocks
to many artificial cylinder habitats to a giant Topopolis or Rungworld, huge rings around
the Sun of incomprehensibly large habitable areas, and in a Topopolis, one might take
a classic cruise Ship down the World River. Topolosises are incredibly long and skinny,
so that it’s essentially one long stretch of skinny land, and I always picture them
having some single long river that makes it akin to how ancient civilization on the Nile
was, a nation you could see across in one direction but spend weeks crossing the long
way. Of course in a Topopolis, even a single layer
one, the river isn’t going to be thousand kilometers long but more like a billion. You could spend your whole life traveling
down the river to a new town every day and take tens of thousands of years to get back
to where you left. So voyages in space for tourism do not necessarily
require very long times of thumb-twiddling on a ship, as the solar system might fill
up fairly rapidly. As we’ve often said of Dyson Swarms, they
are nothing like the packed and crowded image we get when contemplating a Dyson Shell, but
travel time between various neighboring habitats would be on an order of minutes and hours,
not weeks, at very low speeds and energies. Of course high speeds don’t necessarily
mean high energies, and not just in the sense that people might travel as information, uploading
to bodies at their destination, riding beams of light. There’s more than one way to do that and
we’ve talked many a time of using beaming technologies to push ships to huge speeds
as we discussed in Interstellar Laser Highways and Beam-Powered Ships. That still costs energy, though less than
if you have to carry your fuel, and moreover, it can be reclaimed. It costs energy to move something up to high
speed and more to slow it down, but if that energy is just light bouncing off a big sail,
you can bounce it back to be reclaimed, and while you’ll never break even on this process,
ships moving down lanes pushed by energy beams, to speed up or slow down, can be done for
a lot less total power loss than what you put in. Similarly, habitats on the same orbital path
can be connected by tethers where such a crossing requires virtually no energy, and without
atmospheric drag, allow quite high speeds too. This begins to paint a future, maybe even
just a handful of centuries from now, where a truly enormous solar system overflowing
with natural and manmade sights could see billions of tourists traveling to and fro
every day, at great speed but not in great haste, nor at great cost. A billion worlds all each their own unique
place with a unique history and unique sights, all there for anyone to see and live on and
share. Such a time is quite a ways off, but in the
short term, as these things go, I suspect we’ll begin seeing genuine space hotels
in the next generation or so, and hopefully by century’s end some on the Moon and those
in orbit numerous and cheap enough, and us as a civilization prosperous enough, that
anyone who really wants to can afford to make the voyage. In this regard, tourism is one of the last
stages of development, as it comes after you’ve explored, pioneered, and developed a place. The fact that we can only see a fraction of
our own planet in a normal lifetime, reinforces my bemusement at people worrying that radical
life extension will be bad because life will become boring. Going SCUBA diving in Europa’s hidden seas
or skiing on the frosty slopes of all the outer moons and dwarf planets doesn’t strike
me as boring. It will be a quite a while before we get there,
but not so long before we get to float in zero-g or strap on some wings and fly around
bubbles of air orbiting above our pale blue dot. I don’t doubt that as we get out and colonize
our solar system we’ll find many more wonders and make even more, but if you’re interestested
in touring our solar system today, I’d recommend the Grand Tour series by Dr. Ben Bova. Bova is one of science fiction’s most prolific
authors, as well as science fact, and has authored over a hundred works, about two dozen
of which are in his Grand Tour series, focusing on the colonization of our solar system. While there are overall story arcs connecting
the works, you can begin almost anywhere in the series, much like our Outward Bound series
here on SFIA, and I myself started with Mercury, which is about halfway through the official
chronology, which begins with Powersats, written that same year. Or you could start with Mars, the first one
he wrote. Where ever you want to start, all those books
are available on Audible, and most are narrated by Stefan Rudnicki, one of my favorite readers. Wherever you choose to start in the series,
you can get a free copy of that first book at or text Isaac to 500-500. Audible offer a 30 day free trial, but each
month you’re a member you now get a free audiobook and 2 audible originals, and those
credits rollover to the next month or year and stay yours, along with any books you got,
even if you later discontinue your membership. And with their convenient app, you can listen
on any of your devices and seamlessly pick up where you left off, whether you’re listening
at home, commuting, running errands or off jogging or at the gym. Audible makes it cheap and easy to access
a vast collection of amazing stories. Also if you’re an Amazon Prime member, for
a limited time, you can start an Audible membership and save 66% on your first 3 months–a total
of $30 off. That’s like getting 3 months for the price
of one. You’ll pay just $4.95 per month for the
first 3 months. After that, it’s only $14.95 per month,
and the offer is valid till July 31st. We were talking about wonders we might find
in the solar system or create today, and next week we’ll start our examination of one
such, ecologies which might naturally occur or be created in space, Void Ecologies, and
we’ll look at the popular notion of living ships, in Space Whales and Bioships. Such natural void ecologies might occur in
distant alien systems we may visit, and the week after that we’ll return to our alien
civilizations series to consider aliens who might visit us, though not for friendly reasons
or tourism, in Invasive Aliens. For alerts when those and other episodes come
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have a Great Week!

100 thoughts on “Space Tourism

  1. I imagine 1000 years from now a cryogenic revival goes on a trip to mars.
    He sees a crude and run down animatronic display:

    "We know not when Man dared the planet named for an ancient God of War, but we are sure it began with one man and his anger…"

    Shows a poor Hispanic household. Kids crying. Lady balled up on the floor. Man with booze in one hand and knife in another kicking her.

    Synth voice squaks "Maria! Why no tacos? I work hard all day you just talk and talk with friends! I keek you! I keek you so hard you fly! You fly and you reach Mars!"

    Tourist – "Uh, this was a comedy show. The Mentality of Mendoza… Comedy Centric. Late night anti-Political Correctness stuff…"

  2. Loved the episode, but I think it might have benefited from a more categorical approach. Space tourism, after all, is a rather large topic encompassing many different motivations for going and many different destinations to choose from. Perhaps these could be revisited later? My preliminary list for space tourism would be
    1) Non-terrestrial Experience- the experience of microgravity/free fall and the void. Being weightless is spoken of anytime the subject of space tourism comes up, but being suspended in empty space with nothing but stars in every direction is an experience I expect people will find as thrilling and terrifying as any rollercoaster ride, but with the added quality of religious awe and grandeur.
    2) Natural Wonders- you covered most of these, although I would add to your list, viewing or diving into Jupiter's Red Spot, observing on site the conjunction of all 4 of the great jovian moons, experiencing a lunar eclipse from the moon, and dropping in a comet as it transits the inner solar system as other major attractions. Of course, when we speak of a distant future in which the solar system is colonized, there will be space tourism to visit the natural wonders on Earth, some of which we take for granted today like the pacific ocean.
    3) Historical Tourism- you mentioned some of these, like the Apollo landing sites and rovers. Others will include our martian landers and rovers, the ISS is Russia takes over and extends its operation, Elon Musk's Tesla Roadster in space, and of course those future historical events like the landing site of the first human on mars.
    4) Man-made Wonders- mega-structures are certainly one example, but another was right under your nose. You mentioned how early on only the wealthy will get to visit space. People with indecent fortunes have a history of sponsoring obscenely expensive and exquisitely artistic architectural wonders. The boldest and most talented architects will get to design private residences, corporate retreats, political capitals/palaces, and religious buildings often in environments where terrestrial restrictions do not apply. You could build interlocking ring habitats resembling religious symbols, or design a habitat of optical illusions. Old earth wonders could be duplicated or enlarged upon or even transported into space and taken on a tour of the solar system the way museum exhibits tour the Earth today.
    5) Cultural Events and Attractions- Art and music will always draw tourists. It is nice to see a picture of the Mona Lisa, but to be standing in front of the original will always be an incomparable experience. Artists will be spreading themselves all over early space with their wealthy patron eagerly sponsoring their craft. We sometimes speak of products that may only be manufactured in micro gravity, but what of art? Imagine the painting techniques that might only work in free fall, paints that can only be manipulated in vacuum, or musical performances that can only be truly appreciated when heard performed in the clouds of Venus, or under seas of Europa. Festivals, entertainers, sports, religious pilgrimages, casinos, and even political rallies offer a near infinite list of potential tourism attractions.
    6) Prestige and Leisure- much tourism is just forgetting away someplace and relaxing. True, it will always be cheaper to vacation locally, but people will save or even take out a loan to spend a week relaxing at their dream resort. Bragging rights are also commodity and always will be as long we retain the impulse to "keep up with the Joneses."
    7) Scientific Tourism- definitely on the margins today, but in a solar system housing a trillion or so humans, rare cosmic events and newsworthy experiments will have the potential to draw millions of science-enthusiasts with a little extra cash. Examples could include: comets plummeting through the solar system, summers on Pluto, storms on Jupiter/Saturn, or for the truly daring visiting a Coronal Mass Ejection on the sun. Of course, if we ever create telescopes using the gravitational lensing of the sun to get close-ups of exoplanets, you will have no shortage of people willing to take years of their life travelling to the scope for both the history and for excitement of being on site when the next world is imaged for the first time and to be among the very first to see those images while the rest of humanity has to wait a couple light hours to see it.
    8) Virtual Tourism- you already touched on this and I really don't think there is a whole lot to say on the matter, largely because this will become a huge enterprise whether or not we ever go to space. Whether you love to explore but hate to travel, or simply can't afford the travel expense, VR is the solution even when the destination is across the street. Tech is already fast approaching making virtual tourism a reality, and when it happens it will be the next Facebook of Silicon Valley. Also, that is pretty much what all our deep space probes have been if you strip away their scientific contributions. In fact, I expect scientists and conservationists who are always in search of funding will find VR tourism a tempting solution to their problems. Applying that to space only seems logical, and I fully expect that industry to be sufficiently advanced to let anyone with a VR headset step off the lunar lander in real time with the next human to set foot there.
    So that's my list and why I think you could probably redo this episode as an entire series. Thank you to anyone who has read this far. Give yourself a pat on the back. You've earned it!

  3. So… Hang gliding over death? Because I’m pretty sure that even if you were to deploy a parachute in the case of an accident, you’d still be floating towards a fiery demise, and likely no one would save you. I’ll stick to the space station! XD

  4. Loved it, especially the part when you mentioned life extension. Life would never get boring if we got the chance to explore the universe and create realistic simulations.

  5. I miss the old documentary leagth episodes 45 mins to an hour, your shows seem to be getting shorter and shorter.. still super amazing stuff Isaac!

  6. I really don't see the attraction for low orbit. You go up. Somersault. Barf. Go down. We have vomit comet for that. Also, won't acrophobics be triggered?

  7. I just wanted to thank you for your weekly efforts. They are the Highlight of my day…. I have gone back and watched everything you have presented and I can't tell you how much excitement and fun I have watching each ahow. I live in Dallas TX and the folks around here do not have much interest or comprehension of deep time, immense distance or the keys we hold to ch a nge the place for the better. MORE SCIENCE. I don't know the math but just like I am unable to read music I van play the guitar very well. Someone just needs to ask the right question. Grand Theory awaits.

  8. In about a 100,000 years or so we should be able to artificially create a white hole by pinching or folding the space around a black hole. The super controlled black hole would hypothetically create a beautiful white hole. Now you have one of each, bh in front, wh in back and let's go to Andromeda in a week or so. Simply reverse the "holes" to slow down. Come on let's fuckin' do it!!

  9. I would like to see an episode about sex technology in the future

    Or are we just gonna clone in bypass all that political crapp😏

  10. 19:44
    I recall one of Kim Stanley Robinson's novels featured a sport where people surf through the rings of Saturn for fun.

  11. The Jeffery Epstein scandal brings me back to sadly what will be the price funder and motivation for near future space tourism.

    Space tourism will be mostly limited to major celebrities billionaires and heads of state. All powerfully mostly super alpha men unburdened by conscience modesty or the morals of the little people. They're very oversexed people.

    Low Earth orbit asthetically will do wonders for the body. The unsagging and upward pooling of fluid. Well in orbit, visually 40 is the new 25, a real but surface deep fountain of youth. Weightlessness permitting sexual acts and positions totally unthinkable on Earth.

    There has been no doubt serious but quiet inquiry into building millions per night space sex hotels or brothels to cater to these Rich pervs.

    Like Epstein's supposed island of infamy, only much more exclusive and private and inaccessible to anything on Earth.

  12. Yes this is making the solar system more interesting. Viewing it through the lens of potential tourism makes you ask some really interesting questions.😁

  13. Let's be honest. The biggest single draw is going to be the sex in zero gee plus low gee for punching the Kama Sutra positions

  14. John Varley has written some very interesting near Earth stories. One of his anthologies of short stories is named Blue Champagne . The story with the aforementioned name is about tourism on the moon. A good read by a great author !

  15. If ever Zero-th-Point Energy becomes fully elucidated and employed, travel-times become nanoseconds; since that energy source automatically makes – for near-instantaneous transmissions in communication and in travel; "Beam me up, Scotty", becomes close-enough to genuine reality.
    Yes this does defy "Light-speed limitations" simply because it bypasses the physics underpinning same.

    Kind and Respectful Regards, Isaac, Uyraell, NZ.

  16. There's another reason the adult men among those tourists might want to spend time in the off-axis sections of a spinning space station.

    It's very difficult to maintain an erection in a weightless environment.

  17. Unfortunately, the Outer Space Treaty prohibits government ownership of celestial objects, which in turn inhibits private ownership and development. Without territorial incentives, there is little reason for governments to fund major colonization activities of the moon and asteroids. Any attempt to colonize a celestial object will run into problems of jurisdiction, especially if it turns out to be profitable. While the Treaty is well-intentioned, people are just better incentivised by greed then an abstract notion of the advancement of mankind.

  18. That colloquial phrase "the reality," is just stupidity which undermines the correct meaning~definition of reality, it isn't "a situation of many other situations," but the sum, origin and point of all situations… but you superficial trash can not comprehend this.. hen e your thoughtless use of words~terms and language as a whole.

  19. I would plant a large smooth black block on the Moon to mess with the tourists. Then again that joke is so 18 years ago 🙂

  20. if done very carefully, could lazer beam sailing actually be semi-perpetual? just bounce the light back and forth indefinitely.

  21. Isaac at 4:23 you say "the Earth doesn't rise or set on the moon", yet, due to libration, it does on a portion of it. Long ago I did a back of the envelope calculation and found your statement was untrue on 7% of the surface.

  22. Check out Echo Arena for a good possibility for one of the first space sports, play long enough and you start pushing off the walls in real life when you move!

  23. …. dreaming about sending your mother-in-law to Europa …

  24. Cruising around the "archipelago" of Jupiter sounds awesome… Until about the 5th one where you realize most of the moons are just featureless rocks floating around in space. OH LOOK, ANOTHER ROCK.

  25. 2:17
    I'm rather disappointed that you used The GatewayFoundation as an example for a tourism space station.
    This company is heading nowhere, expect maybe some fraud lawsuits.
    The whole concept of their station is flawed. Both in the technological and the financial sense. Since their whole station is turning there is no way to experience any weightlessness. Also you can't watch the earth without vomiting as it zips by every 30-40 seconds. Why would anyone go there public or private? You can't observe earth or the stars and you can't experience weightlessness. So no one will pay them for a visit.

  26. If you wanted to cruise a O'Neill spaghetti pile, wouldn't you have to make it submersible for the zeroG conections

  27. Space tourism is gonna be HUGE…and be a reality earlier than most people think, I suspect. After in-orbit tourism comes the moon: lava tube hotels featuring one and two week holidays. Once Spacex's Starship gets going on a regular basis, things will happen fast. Tourism will be way bigger than mining or industrial activity, at least in the near term, in my opinion. And by the near term I mean 10 to 20, maybe 30 years from now. What do you think? Leave your comments here in the comments section.

  28. Earth does move in the moon's sky. It librates side-to-side and up and down. Side-to-side because the moon's orbital velocity is not constant (due to orbit ellipticity) while its rotation is constant (due to inertia). Up and down because the moon's north pole (its rotation axis) is not exactly perpendicular to its orbital plane. I don't know how many degrees in the sky, but I believe it is quite large compared to the diameter of earth in the moon's sky. So along the "edge" of the moon (from our earthbound view of it) one could build a resort where tourists could regularly view earthrises and earthsets (albeit over the course of a month, but who says our tourists experience time the way we do).

  29. 3:40
    YES! A sort of hobby of mine. But, not being an athlete, astronaut, or physicist, I'm always lacking a certain confidence that my detailed sports are actually doable. So I'm looking forward to this for what would be professional reasons… if I were making any money.

    "…freighter, retail store, sports arena, hotel, casino, and resort."
    Don't forget brothel and drug din. ^_~

    An entire television series could be built around LEO tourism, with later seasons including the Moon. Series finale: opening of the first O'Neill habitat.

  30. Sunrise on the moon wouldn't be yellow either, It'll be white. plus, orbital habitats have their issues, Coriolis effect for instance amongst others, Unless the habitats are extremely large. Still, I'd go in an instant although, it'll take a while to accustomise to walking depending on how the habitat is rotating and type.
    Awesome, as always mate,… Thanks again.

  31. For those who can afford it, fuel will never be a problem. And who really believes that they will care about disapproval of "wasting resources"? After all, those who spout the most about it are the worst abusers; the common folk sacrifice so those worthy can do as they will. Human nature.

  32. I wonder just how much space tourism will exist a Century from now, could be quite a lot , or just a few LEO hotel's ? Stares at certain unnamed Billionaires…

  33. I'm surprised this didn't cover the upcoming options for suborbital space tourism that might actually be affordable for mere mortals, like Virgin Galactic or Blue Origin. Also there's quite a bit of space-related tourism on the surface of Earth. You can go look at Meteor Crater, there are stargazing tours, and of course there are places like Kennedy Space Center where you can watch a rocket launch and see a bunch of space artifacts including a Shuttle and Saturn V.

  34. Omg u said “the flat disc earth” don’t u know the earth is flat already??
    Seriously tho I was laughing so hard when the flat disc earth came up I can see flat earth dummies just eating this up saying “see, even Isaac Arther says it’s flat”

  35. What to do in low gravity environment ? Read the short story by Issac Asimov " I'm in Marsport without Hilda " { discretion is advised 🙂 }

  36. It's only $14.95 a month….That's quite a bit of money where I come from. Budget is so freakin tight with half of my wages going to pay for a car that I drive maybe 6 miles a week.

  37. 10/10 content as usual. One of the most pure and efficient in terms of delivery of content. Deserves more. Legend.

  38. @Isaac Arthur
    Do alien intelligencia consult you to figure out why humans are so weird???? You are incredible!!!!

  39. Imagine taking your family on an amazing trip to some incredible location in our solar system… your 10yo boy loves every minute, while ypur teenage girl hates it…. only later will she realize this was the best family vacation ever. Lol. Human nature will never change, as we expand pur horizons, there will always be kids that are unimpressed.

    As always, your vlogs are amazing and inspiring! I LOVE your chan.

  40. Who here pictured that cute, funny animated running T-Rex (sometimes used in these shows at the mention of awesome dinosaurs!) …WHENNN Isaac said “space is AWESOME”!?

    Or am I the only one?

  41. >flying through saturn's B ring.
    Yeah… no. That's not like diving into a pool. It is like diving into a GLACIER.
    Press F for space tourist #6225699424.

  42. Asteroid carved info a human head. So…Space Zardoz! Also wanted to suggest the books Starship Titanic, and The Road to Mars by Terry Jones and Eric Idle.

  43. How about an episode about the more General topic of extreme tourism/sports/fun but generally useless pastime activities in the future? Because there is a lot of extreme scifi stiff that would actually ne doable, just rather useless bit might ne done fornfun if we can get the technology cheap enough

  44. It might sound amusing but tourists do want those annoying everyday comforty – there may be some dedicated people but for mass tourism in space one of tbe greagest cballenges after the cost and safety of the flight itself might be developing good space toilets

  45. Zero G air stadiums: Often just big places with only air in them. Put some wings on and literally fly (air swimming)! Many others.

    Also, Lunar Trampolines!
    Edit: He just recommended Ben Bova… That is horrible.

  46. Sunsets might not be as amazing in orbit but I do wonder how amazing auroras and various weather patterns would appear. Maybe catch the annual monsoon cloud formation or hurricane spotting.

  47. So many great SF books showing local off-earth futures depending on tourism. From Heinlein's Menace from Earth right up to Artemis.

  48. I think pedal & arm-powered airplanes would be fun in a space station. Could be a cross between a bicycle & space fighter. Your pedals could be connected to props & you could fly around using control surfaces &/or vectoring. The exercise would help with the atrophy if artificial gravity is in short supply. No crashes in the gravity-accelerated sense. A large inflatable module could provide the pressurized breathable space.

  49. What about reality ? I know this is a science fiction and futurism channel but we all knoq that nobody alive today or more like the very, absolutely few but the super rich will ever be able to ever visit a space tourist facility any time soon . Be I guess some small hope is better than no hope . Let's dream the dream that perhaps will never come true !

  50. When EVA suits get lighter and more flexible and a suitable vacuum proof bicycle gets made I hope to enjoy mountain biking on Mars and several moons in our system

  51. As an amateur astronomer, I would like to use a nice , visual telescope on one of the space stations to see how well things look without the interference of the atmosphere.

  52. Niel and Buzz have probably already obliterated the first footprint themselves walking around the site and climbing back on board.

  53. how are youre not on nat geo, discovery channel or history? youre voice is like same level of attenborough, brian cox, michio kaku and morgan freeman

  54. I think the next stage of mega-prestigious mansions for the uber rich of the future will be a completely private, hollowed out asteroid. And future tabloids will be oo-ing and aww-ing about the largest ones solely dedicated to making a residence out of. Who knows, maybe some asteroids will provide a place for more radical groups of people to start a base of operations, and whole political regions will form in the asteroid belt as groups move closer to those with similar ideologies. This could be either good or bad, but it certainly will be exciting to see it unfold.

  55. Space tourism is never going to be a thing until we make sufficient progress in solving earth's pollution, energy and resource problems (not to mention climate change).

    Idiots with their heads in the clouds seem to think that we as a civilisation can put the cart before the horse; by putting space travel first and hoping it will solve problems or make discoveries that will help us here on earth. That's not how it works. You need a strong base to launch your scientific and interplanetary enterprises from: that base is earth. Without it all the colonies you set up will wither away and die, non of them will miraculously survive on their own by developing some "super dooper" Sci fi technologies. No one is going to pull a rabbit out of their ass anytime soon, space dreamers. That's not science.

    And please, for the love of God, stop yapping about Mars. If you need a dead irradiated, empty rock with no breathable atmosphere to go to; try the moon. It's much closer and less of a stupid idea an waste of human life.

    Speaking of loss of human life; you'd think a bunch of banana brained apes like us would get better at building rockets over the last 70 years, but no; they still BLOW UP! Even today! You wanna go on a space cruise? Too bad bitch, you're going to hell in a handbasket once this liquid fuelled rocket bomb goes off. Wanna trust your kids to this technology? Yeah… I didn't think so.

  56. we got wars instead of space exploration, we got all that which is bad and none of the good we were told would happen as children. you are singing that same old song that the future will be incredible, but you lie. Things were better in the past and the present sucks and the future looks like a fermi-paradox solution. I think they pay you to give us hope that our civilization will get better, but it won't get better it will go down in decay and barbarians from the 3rd world will run the show.

  57. why would any future human go hang gliding at high altitudes over Venus? one thing goes wrong and you are cremated as you plunge to the hellish surface. you science fiction writers are entertaining indeed but not realistic.

  58. Am I the only one who finds pondering these scenarios depressing given the certainty that none of us will ever live to see let alone experience any of them? It's disappointing being born both too late to explore the Earth and also too early to explore space. It honestly annoys the hell out of me.

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