Study English – Series 3, Episode 22: Talking About Holidays and Leisure Time

Study English – Series 3, Episode 22: Talking About Holidays and Leisure Time


Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS
Preparation. I’m Margot Politis. To prepare for IELTS it is useful to consider
the topic of holidays and what people do in their leisure time. To start us off, let’s listen to someone talking
about his holidays: It’s always been a dream of mine to travel
around the world and see as many countries as possible. I suppose everyone dreams of
this, although some people are content to stay close to home. I get about 4 weeks annual
leave and I try and take it in summer when I can link it to the public holidays that
fall around then – Christmas, Boxing Day New Year’s Eve, and turn it into a 3 or 4 week
vacation. I try to get out of the country and go on a trip somewhere. Somewhere like
Bali, somewhere close. We get about 7 public holidays in Australia – Christmas, Easter,
and Australia Day just to name a few. He talked about holidays and vacations. What’s
the difference? A holiday can be one day or several days,
whereas a vacation is usually understood to be a long time – a week or more. Vacation
is a word used more in the United States and is not very common in Australia. In Australia
we say “summer holidays” instead of “summer vacation”. Listen to our speaker again: I get about 4 weeks annual leave and I try
and take it in summer when I can link it to the public holidays that fall around then
– Christmas, Boxing Day New Year’s Eve, and turn it into a 3 or 4 week vacation. He said annual leave. We call the time when
we don’t go to work “leave”. “Sick leave” is when we don’t go to work because
of illness. “Annual leave” means the amount of holiday
time workers have in a year. He also mentioned “public holidays”.
These are days when most people in the country
get a day off work but are still paid. They are days considered important to everyone. For the Speaking Test, you should be prepared
to have something to say about these holidays in your country – what they are for, when
they are held and what people do, like this: We get about 7 public holidays in Australia
– Christmas, Easter, and Australia Day just to name a few. Australia Day is on the 26th
of January, and it celebrates the day the first Europeans arrived in Australia.
People celebrate by having barbeques and playing
cricket in the park and on the beaches and in Sydney there is always a massive fireworks
display. It’s a good idea to brainstorm the topic of
holidays and try to guess what you might be asked. It could be something like: Why are holidays important? Or How much should we work and how much should
we rest? Or Why do we need holidays? Spend some time to think of questions like
these and how you might answer them. Practise saying your answers – this will help you in
the Speaking Test. In Part 1 of the Speaking Test, the questions
can be quite simple, like: What do you do on the weekends? How does our speaker reply to that? On the weekend, I catch up on sleep; I do
the housework, the shopping, the washing – all those household chores. He says ‘do the housework’. In reply to the
question ‘What do you do on the weekend?’ it’s best to reply with the same verb in the
same tense – I do the gardening, I do the shopping. On the weekend, I catch up on sleep; I do
the housework, the shopping, the washing – all those household chores. Now listen to our speaker reply to this question.
What did you do on the weekend? Oh. I washed my clothes, I went shopping and
I went out on Saturday night and saw a movie. But mostly I sat around and watched TV. Because he was asked in the past tense – what
did you do, he replies with the past tense and uses the past tense verbs washed, went
and sat instead of wash, go and sit. Listen again: What did you do on the weekend? Oh. I washed my clothes, I went shopping and
I went out on Saturday night and saw a movie. But mostly I sat around and watched TV. A related topic that you can expect to be
asked about is leisure time and what you do. Let’s listen to our speaker again: I have a few interests but music is most important
to me. I have a few friends and we meet up a few times a month and play together. As
a child I used to have a few hobbies – flying pigeons, collecting stamps and football cards. He calls what he does in his leisure time
interests and hobbies. When he was a child he used to have hobbies. The verb ‘used’ is
followed by ‘to have’. As a child I used to have a few hobbies – flying
pigeons, collecting stamps and football cards. There are many verbs in English which are
themselves followed by verbs, but in the infinitive form like ‘to have’ without ¬-ing or -ed.
Listen for them in this clip. I need to do a lot of things before I go.
I need to pack. I need to organise someone to look after my cat. And I also want to read
about Bali before I go – I don’t want to be just a tourist. Need to do, need to pack, need to organise,
want to read, want to be. Listen again: I need to do a lot of things before I go.
I need to pack. I need to organise someone to look after my cat. And I also want to read
about Bali before I go – I don’t want to be just a tourist. Now listen out for one more example of a verb
followed by the infinitive: I try to get out of the country and go on
a trip somewhere. Somewhere like Bali, somewhere close. verb infinitive
Try to get. However, some verbs are followed by the -ing
form, or present participle Listen to our speaker again: I enjoy travelling. I like flying, especially
taking off and I even like eating the food they give you. Enjoy travelling, like flying, like eating. Listen again: I enjoy travelling. I like flying, especially
taking off and I even like eating the food they give you. Some verbs, such as enjoy are only followed
by the -ing form: enjoy travelling, enjoy reading. But the verb ‘like’ can be followed by the
-ing form or the infinitive. Listen: I enjoy travelling. I like to fly, especially
taking off and I even like to eat the food they give you. You need to learn which verbs are used with
only the infinitive or only with the -ing form. And you need to know which ones are
used with both. Infinitives also follow some adjectives. Listen
out for these in the next clip: I won’t be sad to leave work behind and I’ll
be more than ready to enjoy myself after a hard year. I’ll be happy to spend the last
few days doing not much at all. Sad to leave, ready to enjoy, happy to spend.
Listen again: I won’t be sad to leave work behind and I’ll
be more than ready to enjoy myself after a hard year. I’ll be happy to spend the last
few days doing not much at all. The -ing form isn’t always used as a verb.
Listen to our speaker talking about his hobbies again: I have a few interests but music is most important
to me. I have a few friends and we meet up a few times a month and play together. As
a child I used to have a few hobbies – flying pigeons, collecting stamps and football cards. “Flying pigeons and collecting stamps”. Here
the words flying and collecting act like verbs and nouns at the same time. These are called
gerunds. Listen out for the gerunds in the next clip: On the weekend, I catch up on sleep; I do
the housework, the shopping, the washing – all those household chores. Here, “the shopping” and “the washing” are
also noun/verbs or gerunds. Listen one more time: On the weekend, I catch up on sleep; I do
the housework, the shopping, the washing – all those household chores. That’s all for now. To find more information about gerunds and
infinitives, visit our Study English website. You’ll find all of the Study English episodes
there and plenty of activities. Good luck with your studies. Bye

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *